Umi Hanifah


This study aims to describe the students’spatial abilities based on cognitive styles differences. In this study, spatial abilities included 5 components, namely spatial perception, spatial visualization, mental rotation, spatial relations, and spatial orientation. This research was descriptive research with qualitative approach. Research began by determining the subject using GEFT and math ability test, and then continued by giving spatial ability test and interview. Checking the data validity used time triangulation. Data analysis in this study used data reduction, display data, and conclusion. The results showed that there are differences in spatial abilities of the two subjects. The differences were found in the components of spatial visualization, mental rotation, and spatial relations. Differences in spatial abilities are found in the methods / strategies used by each subject to solve each component problem. Differences in cognitive style suggested different choice of strategies used to solve problems.

Full Text:



Candraningrum, E. S. 2010. Kajian Kesulitan Siswa dalam Mempelajari Geometri Dimensi Tiga Kelas X Man Yogyakarta I. Skripsi Pendidikan Matematika FMIPA UNJ. Tidak diterbitkan.

Eddy, E. 2012. On The Involvement Of Cognitive Processes In The Acquisition Of English Grammar By Slovak Learners. Slovakia: University of Prešov.

Guven, B., & Kosa, T. 2008. The effect of dynamic geometry software on student mathematics teachers' spatial visualization skills. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. Vol 7(4): pp 100-1007.

Hanifah, U., Juniati D., Siswono T. Y. E., 2018. Student’s Spatial Performance: Cognitive Style and Sex Differences. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 947 012014

Hannafin, R. D., Truxaw, M. P., Vermillion, J. R., & Liu, Y. 2008. Effects of spatial ability and instructional program on geometry achievement. The Journal of Educational Research. Volume 101(3): pp 148-157.

Harmony, J., & Theis, R. 2012. Pengaruh Kemampuan Spasial Terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika Siswa Kelas VII SMP Negeri 9 Kota Jambi. Jurnal Edumatica. Vol 2 (1): hal 11-19.

Kariadinata, R. 2008. Kemampuan Visualisasi Geometri Spasial Siswa Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) Kelas X Melalui Software Pembelajaran Mandiri. Jurnal EDUMAT. Vol 1(2): hal 1-71.

Maier, P. H. 1996. Spatial Geometry and Spatial Ability- How to Make Solid Geometry Solid?, (online), (, diakses 17 Juni 2016)

Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. 1984. Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. California; SAGE publications Inc.

National Academy of Science. 2006. Learning to Think Spatially. Washington DC: The National Academics Press.

Seifert, K. & Sutton, R. 2009. Educational Psychology. Switzerland: The Global Text Project.

Witkin, H. , Oltman, P., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. 1971. A manual for the Embedded Figures Test. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Witkin, H. A., Moore, C. A., Goodnough D. R., & Cox, P. W. 1977. “Field Dependent and Field Independent Cognitive Style and Their Educational Implication”. Review of Educational Researh Winter. Vol 47 (1). Pp 1-64


  • There are currently no refbacks.